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Johannes Vermeer – Paintings That Celebrate Ordinary Life

Johannes Vermeer (1632 – 1675) was a Dutch Baroque Period painter who is acknowledged as one of the greatest painters of the Dutch Golden Age.

The Dutch Golden Sexologist in Delhi Age was a unique period in the history of the Netherlands spanning the era from 1581 to 1672 in which its political, economic, and cultural greatness were among the most powerful and influential in the world.

Dutch painting boasts some of history’s most outstanding painters including Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669), Johannes Vermeer (1632-1675), Pieter Brueghel the Elder (1525-1569), Jan Steen (1626-1679), Hieronymus Bosch (1450-1516) and Vincent van Gogh (1853 – 1890). Each Dutch master had their own specialty showing off their unique skill and attention to detail.

Paintings of Daily Life

There are thirty-four paintings attributed to Johannes Vermeer depicting 17th-century, middle class, daily life with almost all his paintings set in two small rooms in his house in Delft showing the same furnishings and often portraying the same people.

At that time, the most prestigious cultural works emphasized aristocratic, military and religious lives such as the great Renaissance artists who produced magnificent paintings of Saints, Angels and kings, queens and aristocrats who were celebrated on the most beautiful canvasses.

Johannes Vermeer however, wanted to show ordinary life and daily activities is heroic in its own unique way like keeping a house tidy, sweeping the yard, babysitting, sewing or a kitchen maid – preparing lunch. These works are remarkable for their serene, timeless sense of dignity.

Vermeer wanted to depict through his paintings:

*a life rich in character

*ordinary life is worth celebrating.

These are the gifts of life that are rewarded and blessed by God.

Famous Paintings by Johannes Vermeer

The Little Street (1657-58)

The painting, “The Little Street” portrays a quiet street scene in Vermeer’s home town of Delft (famous for its Delft pottery and ceramic products). It depicts a woman sewing, kids playing and a woman busy in the yard.

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We All Love The News

It seems now more than ever, anywhere you turn and look something important is being discussed. Be it something tragic, comedic, or excellent; there’s always a buzz swarming through the current news affairs and let’s be honest; most of us want to keep up with it. There’s nothing wrong with wanting to know what’s happening in the entertainment industry, at your children’s schools, and over-seas at the same time. While they may not all share the same level of importance to you, the point is news media is massive and consumes a lot of our daily lives.

Casual and Serious Watchers Alike!

You may try to hide it, may try to reduce it, but in the end a casual tracker of current news affairs loves it just as much as the rest of us. It’s news for a reason. Because to someone, somewhere, it’s important and people want to know about it. You shouldn’t be ashamed that you enjoy tracking the latest scoops throughout the day. Just look at the more serious watchers. A news channel on every station, Serphoholic Media on the web, and even a little podcast coming in anytime something exciting happens. It’s human nature to be concerned with the world around us.

Less Important News?

I’ll be the first to admit that some news isn’t really news, but not everyone feels the same. Is it necessary that we know every meal an actor ate on their last movie set? Probably not, but we still love to hear it for some reason. We thirst for the knowledge of what others are doing. Just look at things like Twitter and Facebook. We’re all constantly projecting our own current news affairs and keeping up with others we may not even know.

Revolution of the Web!

As I just mentioned with things such as Facebook and Twitter, the web has completely revolutionized the way we access news and media alike. No longer are we forced to sit in front a static-driven television as we wait for the evening news. With sites like Serpholicmedia we can learn about anything going on anywhere at anytime with just the click of a button. The world is filled withe eager writers ready to update the world with important news stories and they’ve noticed this.

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Social Media As an Investment

In its brief history, Social Media, as called New Media, has traditionally been viewed as a place to meet new friends, reconnect with old friends and interact in an online social environment. In short, social networks were “a cool place to hang out” but held little applicability beyond that. There has been no shortage of funding in Silicon Valley for firms launching new media platforms. With the emergence of sites like MySpace, Facebook and Twitter, there is no question that there is value in the vast amounts of information on people that these platforms have been able to collect; however, there has been no clear monetization strategy beyond bringing in advertising revenue. Arguments have been risen as to the true value of these firms; some would state that their valuations are inflated and artificial, while other claim that the value of their databases alone are enough to justify multi-billion dollar price tags.

The New Value of Social Media and The Social Media Firm
More recently social media has spawned a new value proposition, which is the business applicability of the vast user-bases these social networks have created. Regardless of which side of the valuation fence you sit on, it can be said that social media holds vast utility for businesses looking for a new way to reach out to customers and engage in two-way communications. This has never been done before from a traditional marketing, advertising or public relations perspective, and has given rise to a new business model: The Social Media Firm. This brings forth the argument of whether or not The Social Media

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All About Google Merchent Center

What is Google Merchent Center?

Google Merchant Center is a new service that makes it easy to upload and manage the Product listings you want to appear in Google Product Search, AdWords, and other Google properties.

Previously, you may have used Google Base to upload and manage Product listings. Google Base is still available for other types of structured content, but the Google Merchant Center provides a better, optimized experience specifically for merchants. The Merchant Center is where we’ll continue adding features and improving the tools for uploading and managing product listings.

What Google Merchant Center does?

Google Merchant Center is for those who want to submit products and sell them through Google. It used to be called Google Base. Google Merchant Center is where you upload feeds, check item status, and get information about how well your listings are doing. Your products uploaded to Google Merchant Center feed the searches that other people do for products they want to buy. For example, suppose someone wants to buy some dog toys. Starting at Google’s home page and clicking on “Shopping,” they’ll see a page like in the first screen shot. After typing “dog toys” into the search box and hitting enter they’ll be taken to a listings page.

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Where to Get Drug Addiction Help

Most drug addicts are usually unwilling to accept their situation. This is a prohibiting factor for drug addiction help. Recognizing and accepting that the addiction is a problem and that they need help is the first step towards an addict seeking help. When someone overcomes the fear of what other people will think of them in this situation, then they are ready for help that will lead to a total recovery from addiction.

Once an addict has accepted the situation, then they can share it with trusted friends or family members. The person must let their family know what they are going through and how it is affecting their life. It is the family’s responsibility to give the addict the emotional support that they need at this critical moment. They will advice the victim, next step to take. This may require the sufferer to see a counselor or to take the addict to drug addiction meetings. They can also suggest that the person get enrolled in a drug addiction treatment center. One thing that someone is assured is that their family or trusted friends will encourage them through the recovering process.

Another source of drug addiction help is seeking treatment. When an addict has the encouragement and the backing of their friends and family members, they can now begin the drug treatment process. The treatment process includes sourcing medical drugs that will help in suppressing withdrawal symptoms. It is advised that once a patient begins the treatment process, they should go all the way to completion until the patient is sober and have resumed their normal life. With the support of their friends and family, the person will be strong enough to face the treatment phase.

A very important part of recovery from drug addiction is counseling. Drug addiction recovery involves change of behavior and therefore, treatment needs to be accompanied with behavioral therapy which should be administered by a specialist. Patients can attend general group counseling classes or they can look for a personal counselor. A counselor will help to know how to manage a person’s emotions as well as how to get busy with other things instead of thinking and using drugs.

Drug treatment centers are another source of drug addiction help. They are institutions that have been set up for the purpose of assisting drug addicts to recover from their drug addiction. There are rules and regulations and those who enroll spend a good time within the premises of the drug treatment center. The environment is made conducive to help victims in recovering quickly. Usage of drugs in these institutions is punishable by expulsion. Relevant programs are set in place to help the members enrolled to recover quickly. There is enough work for everyone to be busy which helps develop responsible and disciplined drug free citizens.

With all these sources of drug addiction help, an addict has no reason to not seek help for their addiction. If someone is a victim or anyone knows a family member or a friend who is an addict, it is important to let them know where they can get help.

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Understand the Options for Choosing Diabetes Medications

Do you ever wonder how your physician chooses an appropriate medication for you? Do you feel overwhelmed by the sheer number of available medications? These tips will help you understand the choices that are available. In subsequent articles, there will be more information about each class of medication.

While there are hundreds of medications and combinations of medications available, there are seven different classes of medication. Each class works in a different way. Your physician uses his knowledge about you as well as your specific type of diabetes to first decide if you need any medication, and if so, which class to use. He then chooses a medication from that class. If you require medication from more than one class he may choose to prescribe more than one medication or a combination pill which has two or more medications contained in it. This article will provide a brief overview of the classes of medications and how they work.

1.) The oldest class of medication is the sulfonylureas. Until the mid-1990s, this was the only class of oral medications available. Your body must be able to produce insulin in order for these to be beneficial, as they work by stimulating the beta cells of the pancreas to secrete insulin. Some examples of the first generation of these medications are: Tolbutamide (orinase), Tolinase (tolazamide), and Diabinese (chlorpropamide). Some of the second generation medications are: Glipizide (glucatrol), extended release Glipizide (glucatrol XL), Glyburide (Micronase, Diabeta), Glynase (micronized glyburide), and Glimepiride. These medications are distinguished by how long they last in the body, and whether they are cleared by the kidney or the liver. There are two other drugs in this class: Prandin and Starlix, which can be used before meals because they last for a very short time.

2.) The biguanide class has just one medication, called Metformin. Other names are Fortamet, Glucophage, Gluymetza, and Riomet. This medication works by decreasing glucose production in the liver, and it also causes a small increase in glucose uptake by skeletal muscle. If there are no contraindications, the American Diabetes Association as well as the American college of clinical endocrinologists recommends using this medication first.

3.) In the mid-1990s, the Thiazolidinedione class of medications (also known as glitizones or TZDs) was developed. Their primary mechanism of action is to increase insulin sensitivity, which leads to more glucose being taken up by skeletal muscle. Three medications were developed. The first, Rezulin (troglitazone), was taken off the market because it was suggested to cause liver problems. The second, Avandia (rosiglitazone), was withdrawn from the market in Europe but was allowed under selling restrictions in the US because of an increase in cardiovascular events. The third medication, Actos (pioglitazone) had sales suspended in France and Germany because a study suggested it may increase the risk of bladder cancer.

4.) Drugs that affect the incretin system are divided into two subclasses:

a. The first division is composed of injectable drugs which mimic the effect of natural incretins produced by the body. Medications in this class include Byetta (exenetide), Bydureon (long acting exenatide) Victoza (liraglutide), and Symlin. They work by increasing insulin secretion in response to glucose (sugar), decreasing the rate at which the liver puts out glucose, decreasing appetite, and by slowing the rate the stomach empties. These medications have become quite popular because they can help with weight loss, and have an extremely low incidence of hypoglycemia. However, these medications have been in the news because they have been associated with pancreatitis, and may lead to a slight increase in medullary thyroid cancer.

b. The oral medications in this class work by blocking the enzyme which breaks down the incretins. While the level of natural incretins increases somewhat, these drugs are not as effective as the injectable ones. Medications in this class include Januvia (sitagliptin), Onglyza (saxagliptin), and Tradjenta. They are being observed to watch out for complications similar to the injectable medications. They very rarely cause hypoglycemia and do not cause weight gain. They are all being evaluated for a potential cancer risk.

5.) There are three Alpha Glucosidase Inhibitors: Acarbose (Precose), Miglitol (Glyset), and Voglibose. These work by preventing digestion of carbohydrates in the intestine. By preventing carbohydrates from being converted into simple sugars and absorbed into the blood stream from the intestine, this class of medications can help keep the blood sugar from rising after meals.

6.) The newest class of medications is the SGLT2 inhibitors, which block absorption of glucose by the kidney. By increasing the amount of glucose lost through the urine, and decreasing the amount of sugar absorbed back into the blood stream, blood sugar may be decreased. Because none of these medications has been approved by the FDA, the names of the medications are omitted from this article.

7.) Insulin must be used for people with type I Diabetes and is often needed for those with type 2 Diabetes. There are many types and delivery systems which will be discussed subsequently.

With a thorough understanding of your specific type of diabetes, your physician can wade through all the options to select the best match for you. More detailed information about each drug class will be presented in subsequent articles here, and on my website, diabeticsurvivalkit.com. Please feel free to visit at any time for information about medications, cooking videos featuring diabetic meal and dessert recipes, and current news articles.

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Insurance

According to law and economics insurance is a type of risk management principally exercised to circumvent the risk of potential loss. A company selling the insurance is called insurer. It has become a lucrative business around the globe. Insurance rates, which are used to determine the amount of premium, may vary from company to company. An uncomplicated example is life insurance. A person pays a certain amount of premiums to the insurer. When he dies a predefined amount is given to his family.

Types of Insurance

Nothing is predictable on this dangerous planet. Any accident can happen or any disease can attack us. So, we should be prepared for it. There are various types of insurance policies focusing different fields of life.

Health Insurance

Various insurers offer health insurance plans. If the insured person is injured due to accident or is sick then the medical expenses are paid by the insurer. There is a lawful indenture between the insurer and the insured person.

Dental Insurance

Insurance intended to disburse the expenses related to dental care is called dental insurance. Dental insurance helps people to cope with the pecuniary hardships caused by sudden dental costs.

Auto Insurance

The insurance purchased for cars, trucks, and all other auto mobiles is called auto insurance or automobile insurance. The principal benefit of car insurance is the provision of protection against the losses occurred due to traffic accidents. If an insured vehicle is damaged as a result of accident, the repairing costs are paid by insurer. Auto insurance companies also provide replacements, if the vehicle is totally destroyed. It is obligatory in many countries to purchase automobile insurance. One can choose the right car insurance by comparing auto insurance quotes provided by different companies.

Pet Insurance

If your insured pet is injured or suffering from illness, pet insurance will pay the veterinary expenses. Some pet insurance policies are also designed to pay if the insured pet dies, is lost or stolen. Pet insurance is mostly available in developed countries.

Travel Insurance

Insurance which is planned to tackle financial and other potential losses while travelling within your country or internationally is called travel insurance. Travel insurance mostly hedge against the risks like theft, loss, delayed baggage, emergency evacuation, damage to personal possessions, legal assistance, accidental death, overseas funeral expenses etc.

Life Insurance

In life insurance there is a contract between insured and insurer. According to that contract if the insured person dies the insurer will pay an amount of money to his family. In return the insured person will pay premium to insurer. There are two types of life insurance, protection policies and investment policies. Another life based insurance is term life insurance. The insurance coverage is provided for a limited time period. After that period, its insured choice that he want to drop the policy or cotinue indemnity by paying premiums for next term.

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The Domain Name Biz Boom! Register Domain Names And Make Money Online – Learn Exactly How To Do It!

Everyone’s heard of domain names. If you’re reading this then you’ve certainly heard of them: you’ve typed one in your browser or clicked on one to get here! Domain names are the universal means by which you and everyone else navigates the internet; that little string of text (usually starting with www) that takes us everywhere from checking e-mail to surfing for the latest Missy Elliot video. That said, its easy to see why domain names have contributed to the astronomical success and ‘coolness’ of the internet. Yup, that’s right, the internet started as a small network of college geeks connecting their computers together so they could become even nerdier. The only reason cool folk like you and me started using the internet is because it became so easy to navigate and the internet became easy to navigate all because of domain names. If they did’nt exist we’d all be typing in long strings of numbers like 64.233.183.104 instead of google.com or 209.191.93.52 instead of yahoo.com etc…sounds like fun huh?

So that’s what we know about domain names. However, far more important is what you may not know about domains and the industry that’s mushroomed around them. There are big bucks to be made in the domain biz and we’re going to tell you all about it.

What makes A Domain Name Valuable?

Over 400 million domain names have been registered as of January 2006 and it is estimated that 20,000 names are being reserved or registered everyday. So what separates a domain name worth millions from one that’s not even worth the cost to register it? Here are a few factors which contribute greatly to the value of any domain name.

The Top Level Domain (TLD) extension of the Domain Name.

.com and .net TLD extensions currently have the most popularity because these were the first extensions to be registered back in the early 90’s. Domain names on the internet have come to be defined by these two TLD’s. This does’nt mean that this will always be the case. ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ) who overseas the Domain Name System (DNS) file, approves new TLD’s every year and these gain increasing popularity over time. Regional TLD’s additionally help in identifying domains relating to a particular geographical area .US and .EU being prime examples.

Domain Name Contains popular keywords

What makes buyonline.com worth six figures and aquireonline.com practically worthless? Both are great sounding domain names but ‘buy online’ is more likely to form part of a specific search term that someone would enter into a search engine. Search engines read the text of your domain name and are more likely to display your website in search results for matching keywords. If your business sells a new product, lets call it a zigtag, you can get far more visitors to your website by registering the domain name [http://www.buyzigtags.com] rather than [http://www.myzigtagstore.com] . Its all about the ‘trafficability’ of your domain name and not just any traffic but targeted traffic. Targeted traffic means visitors who arrive at your website because you’ve got content that they were searching for on a search engine for example. Great keyword domain names have the ability to automatically drive targeted traffic from search engines.

Domain Name is Generic, Short and Pronounceable.

Keyword domains can drive traffic from search engines but an even more elusive and coveted source of traffic is from direct type-in’s (i.e persons typing the domain name directly into a browser). It usually takes many months of online marketing and promotion for a domain name to build high levels of consistent type in traffic, but the right domain name can get it naturally. Music.com, Weather.com, buydvds.com or sellcarsonline.net are all examples of domain names with great natural type-in traffic. People simply expect that when they type-in Music.com they’ll see something that grabs their attention regarding popular recording artistes or downloading music files. Also, making your domain name as short as possible and as pronounceable as possible can drastically increase its value. Domains that are short and pronounceable are more easily remembered by web surfers (some of who have memories no longer than a mouse ‘double click’) and thus more likely to get targeted type-in traffic.

The Domain Name is Registered for 10 years or more in advance.

Remember earlier we said that 20,000 domain names get registered everyday? Well an equal number of domains expire everyday. Yup, about 20,000 domains fall by the wayside having been registered only for a year or maybe two. This means that thousands of links on thousands of pages will go dead (if the domains hosted developed websites this is a big inconvenience to many internet users) or it means that the domain name did’nt meet any of the previous criteria to make it a valuable domain name in the first place. Search engines like Google are now beginning to pick up on this and will automatically assign a higher Page Rank (PR) to websites hosted on domains registered 10 years or more in advance. Even if your domain does not host a developed website, having it registered for a few years in advance will make it more attractive to buyers who wont have to pay to renew the name a year or two after getting it from you.

Typo Domains

You may be surprised by the number internet-users who can’t spell. For the record, we’re not. Literally millions of domain name typos are registered everyday. Domain names that are close enough to the spelling of another domain that receives good type-in traffic are likely to get many accidental type-ins per month. While this will increase the typo domain’s traffic, people usually smarten up once they see that the wrong page has loaded. Developing a website on a typo domain that has similar content as the correctly spelt domain is the best method of utilising typos. The traffic these domains receive is less targeted than those fitting the above-mentioned criteria for a valuable domain name. Even so, a big chunk of the domain name aftermarket’s earnings comes from typo domains.

These are the basic tenets that one should look for in a domain name that is at the very least worth registering.

How do I Turn My Domain Name Into Real Cash?

Now that you’ve got the .com/.net domain name that’s got great keywords and is easy to remember you’re probably thinking ‘oh so I’ll just sit here and wait for Bill Gates to offer me 7 figures, right?’. The simple answer is that any valuable item if under utilised becomes a dud (yes, that’s a technical term).

Here are just a few ways of making your great domain name work for you:

1. Develop a Website

Develop a content-rich website that’s relevant to the keywords that may be in your domain name. This method has unlimited potential for traffic and earnings. We don’t have to tell you of the millions that are being earned everyday by the top websites on the internet. These websites utilise a combination of having keywords in their domain name and website content that is relevant to those keywords. If you cant find they right keyword rich domain name for your area of interest don’t despair. Some of the top websites on the internet simply made words up or acronyms which could mean anything, Yahoo and Google being prime examples. Its all about business development and the more your promote your website and domain name the more you’ll earn for your products or services (or get advertising) over time.

2.Get involved in the Domain Aftermarket.

Millions are traded daily on the internet buying and selling domain names within the domain aftermarket. If you’ve registered a name that someone else really wants, they maybe willing to pay you much more than the registration price to get it from you. Sometimes, a lot more. Business.com sold for $7.5 Million while website.com sold recently for a luke-warm $700,000 and Blogster.com sold for $100,000. You may have a great domain name but you’ll miss out on figures like those if you don’t get involved.

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WordPress – Why Your Company’s Website Needs It

As an owner of a website development company specializing in WordPress design, I often hear business owners tell me their company already has a website. Then when I begin explaining the value of having a WordPress website to them, they quickly want to know why their current website isn’t good enough and why they should switch. Sound like you?

Or maybe you have already ruled WordPress out because it’s designed for blogs, which your company doesn’t use. WordPress has been around since 2003 and in the beginning it was targeted toward bloggers, but it has evolved into the #1 most popular content management system (CMS) for good reason! Over 23% of the internet’s websites are powered by WordPress, with that number rising every year.

So why is it different? What are the benefits? Though there are literally thousands of reasons to convert your site to WordPress, I’ll give you the most popular ones:

WordPress is Free!

This fact still excites my developer husband. With thousands of design themes and plugins to suit any website need, it truly is amazing that WordPress is a free software service. It’s free because it is run by a volunteer group of consultants interested in expanding the software. It’s a community where anyone is free to create a theme, write a plugin, answer tech support issues, and generally contribute. Once you begin using WordPress, all those community benefits become accessible to you. You receive free support, downloads, themes, etc. And they are also free to install and modify, which makes WordPress so universal and loved.

The open source code is also especially helpful for beginners wanting to learn how to maintain their own website. It enables anyone to view, study and change the source code of the software without paying a dime. The only money you need to dish out is on hosting and a domain in order to operate WordPress.

All these freebies allow us to pass on the savings to you as a business owner when revamping your website. Once it’s built, we walk you through hands-on training and then set you loose to maintain your site yourself with full confidence.

WordPress is Easy to Use

No coding experience required. Novices are able to upload video and pictures, edit blog posts, manage content and create new pages without the need of a developer. WordPress offers hundreds of articles for beginners. This means no more sending basic text updates to your developer that cost you money. The WordPress platform allows you to log in from any computer, day or night, and make changes so you don’t have to wait until Monday morning at 9 am to contact your design company. You have control. And because blogging was the original target for WordPress, it remains to be the simplest platform on which to blog. Blogging is already built in to WordPress and ready to use, so every site from e-commerce to photo gallery will gain from its benefits.

WordPress is SEO Friendly

If your business’ website is struggling for first page placement on Google searches, then powering your site through WordPress is a good option for you. WordPress’ code is written to be highly compliant with search engines. It’s clean and simple, making it easy for search engines to index your site. Additionally, you can prime your WordPress website using keywords to make search results very specific. And because Google loves new content, the fact that you can easily and regularly upload changes and modify your company’s site will boost your SEO.

WordPress is Safe

A lot of novices feel insecure with their ability to maintain their own website, fearful they might “break it” or that it might be susceptible to hackers. Rest assured, WordPress is secure. There is a specific process to “harden” a WordPress website installation that doesn’t exist in traditional websites. And with the right developer, your site will be safe even with multiple users. You, as the administrator, have the ability to appoint users on your site and grant them varying access levels and capabilities.

WordPress Can Grow!

Your company’s website is not limited to its original design and functionality with WordPress. There is no need to start from scratch and build a new site because your business changed its marketing strategy or branding method. Plugins make almost anything possible. Want to add an event calendar, calculator, or email sign-up form to your site down the road? That’s not a problem for your WordPress engine. Even if you need to expand your site by adding pages or a video, WordPress is adaptable and none of it will negatively affect the performance of your company’s website.

A huge way WordPress grows a business is by recognizing mobile devices. If your company does not currently have a mobile-friendly website, WordPress covers that by configuring your site to adapt when being read on mobile devices so that it is viewed appropriately. Brilliant, huh?

There are so many benefits for companies that convert to a WordPress website, it’s impossible to name all of them. If you are beginning to see the value of building your website in WordPress, contact your local web developer to get started and see what the world’s most popular CMS can do for your business!

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Hong Kong Offshore Company – Why it Remains Popular

Hong Kong has evolved into one of the important business centers in the region. Located on the South East Coast of China it became part of China on 1 July, 1997. It is a Special Administration Region (SAR) within the People’s Republic of China with its own legislature and courts. Despite the presence of business centers such as Shanghai, Hong Kong continues to gain popularity as an offshore jurisdiction and commercial hub because of the economic and political stability and simple and straightforward tax regime and legislative system.

Some of the key benefits of Hong Kong as an offshore jurisdiction include:

Favorable Tax regime: Hong Kong follows a territorial policy of taxation, the companies are taxed only on the income that is derived from Hong Kong and profits earned beyond the shores of Hong Kong are exempted from tax. Moreover there is no VAT, or capital gains tax or tax on dividends this makes it a highly desirable jurisdiction. Thus, a Hong Kong offshore company that generates income from abroad practically pays Zero tax. Overseas profits are exempt from taxation in Hong Kong even if it is brought back to the jurisdiction.

Even for revenue generated from Hong Kong the tax applicable on taxable profit is just 16.5%, one of the lowest in the region. After deductions and exemption the effective tax rate will be much lower than the headline tax rate.

Positive Image: Hong Kong Companies are not perceived as offshore tax haven as Hong Kong is not regarded as a tax shelter. In an article published in May 2009, the Director of the OECD’s Centre for Tax Policy and Administration commended Hong Kong’s efforts to comply with the international standards on tax transparency and exchange of information while pointing out that Hong Kong is not a tax haven according to the OECD criteria. Subsequently, in its September 2009 report, the OECD vindicated again that Hong Kong is not a tax haven and recognised Hong Kong’s commitments to the OECD standards. Therefore a Hong Kong Offshore company commands a respectable image and does not raise suspicions.

Strategic Location: Hong Kong is considered as the gateway to China, the world’s biggest market and facilitates easy access to mainland China and all the key markets of Asia, most of the Asian cities are within four hours flying radius.

Free economy: Hong Kong is regarded as the world’s most free economy with the lack of restrictions and government interventions in trade. The economic policy allows free inflow and outflow of capital and there is no exchange control. The jurisdiction allows 100% foreign ownership of companies. It has been ranked as the freest in the world by the Index of Economic Freedom for 15 consecutive years.

Political Stability: Hong Kong a former British Dependent Territory became a Special Administrative Region of People’s Republic of China in July 1997. Since then Hong Kong has retained its autonomous status and under the “one country two systems” concept, the Chinese government does not interfere with the governance of Hong Kong which has flourished by leaps and bounds with a significant share of world’s largest banks, corporations and high net worth individuals. World Investment Report 2009 released by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)reaffirmed Hong Kong as one of the world’s and Asia’s most attractive destinations for FDI. Despite the tough economic situation Hong Kong attracted US$63 billion inward investment in 2008 and continues to be Asia’s second largest and is the world’s seventh largest FDI recipient. This reflects on the investment climate and investor’s confidence which are direct outcome of Political stability.

Strong Economy: With 7 million population and foreign exchange reserve of over US$140 billion the economy of Hong Kong is resilient and vibrant. The Hong Kong Stock Exchange is Asia’s second largest stock exchange in terms of market capitalization, behind the Tokyo Stock Exchange. As of 31 December 2007, the Hong Kong Stock Exchange had 1,241 listed companies with a combined market capitalization of $2.7 trillion.

Absence of Nationality or Residency Limitation: As an international business center the jurisdiction does not have any stipulation regarding the nationality or the residency of share holders and directors. A minimum of one director and shareholder is required and there is no cap on the maximum numbers and a foreigner who is not residing in Hong Kong can act as the Director. The director and shareholder can be the same person. However the company secretary must be a resident individual or a resident company.

Minimum Share Capital: The minimum paid up capital is HK $1 and recommended share capital is HK$10,000. Bearer shares are not allowed.

Filing of Returns: If a company does not do any business in Hong Kong, which is usually the case with offshore companies, there is generally no requirement to file financial statements and no audit is required. It is only necessary to file an annual Declaration of “No business activity in Hong Kong.” However if the offshore company has an office in Hong Kong or has employees in Hong Kong then it is required to file audited financial accounts. Moreover the government reserves the right to request for filing annual statements at a short notice any time therefore it is recommended to maintain the books up-to-date.

Provision for Anonymity: The names and details of the Directors and Shareholders are disclosed in public records however the nominee provision could be used in order to maintain anonymity.

Regulatory Compliance: The other regulatory compliance are simple and is similar to any resident companies such as maintenance of proper records, renewal of licenses, notifying any changes in the registered details etc.